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THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For School Candidates Only)
Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 10thOctober 2012a.m.
1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.
2. Answer all questions in sections A, B and C and one (1) question from each part of section D.
3. Map extract of Korogwe (Series Y742 sheet 129/2) is provided.
4. Credit will be given for the use of relevant sketch maps and diagrams.
5. Calculators and cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
6. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)
SECTION A (25 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY
1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) The outer layers of the earth include:
(ii) Which of the following is the effect of mass wasting?
(iii) The columns of clay capped by boulders formed due to rain action are known as:
(iv) Which of the following features is formed by river erosion?
(v) Rotation of the earth results to:
(vi) __________ are good examples of fold mountains in Africa.
(vii) Which one of the following is a process of wind erosion?
(viii) A great circle is a circle on a globe whose plane:
(ix) The intensity of an earthquake is measured by:
(x) Soil texture refers to:
2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number.
(i) The earth’s zone which is made up of nickel and iron.
(ii) A wall like feature formed when a mass of magma cuts across the bedding plane.
(iii) The upper most layer of the earth.
(iv) A sheet of magma which lies along the bedding plane.
(v) Magma which reaches the earth’s surface and solidifies to form extrusive features.
3. (a) What is an earthquake?
(b) Briefly explain five effects of earthquakes.
(c) Describe four ways of reducing the risks of earthquakes.
APPLICATION OF STATISTICS, INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH AND
4. Carefully study the hypothetical data presented below showing the export of crops from Tanzania.
The Export of Crops in Tonnes
(a) Present the data using compound bar graph.
(b) Explain two advantages and disadvantages of compound bar graph.
5. (a) What is meant by sampling techniques as used in research?
(b) Briefly explain the following concepts as they are applied in sampling:
(i) A sample
(ii) Random sampling
(iii) Systematic sampling
(iv) Stratified sampling
(c) Outline the procedures of conducting an interview.
6. (a) (i) Define the term levelling survey.
(ii) Sate four benefits of levelling survey.
(b) Explain essential equipments used in levelling surveying.
SECTION C (28 Marks)
7. Study the printed map extract of Korogwe (Series Y742 sheet 129/2), then answer the following questions:
(a) Describe the relief of the mapped area.
(b) Calculate the area of the whole map of Korogwe in Km2 by using grid squares.
(c) Examine the settlement patterns of the area.
(d) Express the scale of the map into statement scale.
8. (a) Name three types of geographical photographs.
(b) Specify the type of geographical photograph which is:
(i) taken horizontally on the ground.
(ii) used in map making.
(c) Explain five differences between the photograph you have mentioned in (b) (ii) above and topographical maps.
SECTION D (20 Marks)
Answer one (1) question from each part.
9. By using concrete examples, explain five negative effects of tourism in East Africa.
10. Elaborate eight reasons indicating why the transportation sector is important to the economy of Tanzania.
11. Explain eight environmental problems related to the rapid population growth.
12. (a) Describe five objectives of conducting census in a country.
(b) Explain three limitations of census in African countries.
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