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THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For School Candidates Only)
Time:3 Hours Tuesday, 8th October 2009 p.m.
1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.
2. Answer all questions in sections A, B and C and one (1) question from each part of section D.
3. Map extract of Galula is provided.
4. Credit will be given for the use of relevant sketch maps and diagrams.
5. Electronic calculators and cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
6. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)
SECTION A (25 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY
1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) The solar system is made up of
(ii) If the time recorded at time X, 45°E was 9.00 a.m. what could be the longitude of Y at 3.00 a.m.
(iii) Lunar eclipse occurs because
(iv) About 98% of the matter making the sun is
(v) Absence of drainage on the surface in the limestone region is the direct result of
(vi) The following are marine depositional features:
(vii) Why do two different countries located in different latitudes or hemispheres experience similar type of natural vegetation? It is because of
(viii) ………. shows the soil’s grain size.
(ix) Temperate cyclones are characterized as follows:
(x) A vertical cross-section of the soil showing its horizons is called
2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response besides the item number.
(ii) A Basin
(v) Stevenson’s screen
3. With the aid of diagrams, explain the types of moraines.
SECTION B (27 Marks)
Answer all questions this section.
APPLICATION OF STATISTICS, INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH AND ELEMENTARY SURVEYING
4. Read carefully the climatic data for station A presented in the Table and answer the questions that follow:
Temp. in °C
(i) Describe the climatic conditions of station A.
(ii) Name any two countries in the Great Lakes of East Africa which experience this type of climatic conditions.
(iii) Present the data graphically.
5. (a) What is research design?
(b) Briefly explain any four (4) types of research-design.
6. (a) Mary is a good cartographer, she intends to produce a contoured map of Dar es Salaam. What type of survey method would you advise her to apply?
(b) Apart from producing contour maps, what is the other significance of the type of survey you have mentioned in (a) above?
SECTION C (28 Marks)
MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
7. Carefully study the map extract of Galula provided then answer the following questions.
(a) Calculate the area of the forest in Km2 north of northings 450.
(b) Calculate the length of River Ipwizi in Kilometres from grid reference 150508 to grid reference 125435.
(c) Find the bearing of Tete Village (grid reference 127506) from Ifwekenye village (grid reference 160460).
(d) Describe the main physical features found in the area.
(e) With evidence, show the main economic activities.
8. Study the photograph provided and then answer the questions that follow.
(i) What type of a photograph is this? Give reasons for your answer
(ii) With evidence, suggest the type of climate of the place where this photograph was taken.
(iii) What kind of activity is taking place in the area?
(iv) What will happen if the activity in (iii) above takes place in your local environment?
SECTION D (20 Marks)
Answer one (1) question from each part.
PART 1: REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES
9. (a) What were the aims of constructing the Aswan High dam?
(b) If the dam were constructed at Kondoa, how would the people of central Tanzania benefit from it?
10. “Agriculture achievements in China have been brought about by good Government policy only.” Discuss.
PART II: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT
11. With vivid examples, explain the causes of population change in the Great lakes of East Africa.
12. Some lakes and rivers in Tanzania are likely to lose their aquatic resources. Suggest any five (5) ways on how to overcome this threat.
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