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THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION 033/1 BIOLOGY 1
TIME: 3 HOURS Wednesday, 05 th October 2011 a.m.
This paper consists of three sections A, B and C.
Answer all questions from sections A and B and one (1) question from section C.
Read each question carefully before you start answering it.
Except for diagrams that must be drawn in pencil, all writings should be in blue/black ink or ball point pen.
Calculators are not allowed in the examination room.
Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
SECTION A (20 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section, each question carries 10 marks.
1. For each of the items (i) – (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) How many gametes are produced from one cell during meiosis?
(ii) Which of the following is not an excretory product in plants?
(iii) Why are skeletal muscles usually found in opposing pairs?
(iv) Which of the following bests defines allergy?
(v) When students were conducting private study at night, lights went off completely. Which of the following changes occurred in the eyes of the students?
(vi) Select the item that indicates the best match in vitamindeficiency:
(vii) Which of the following is formed immediately after fertilization?
(viii) The human ovary secretes hormones known as:
(ix) The offspring of crosses between red flowered and white flowered plants were always found to be pink. This is an example of:
(x) At early stages of development of the human zygote which organ develops first?
2. Match the responses in List B with the phrases in List A by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number
A chemical breakdown of a substance involving addition of water
Double strand structure with base pairs
The vascular tissue which transports organic solutes in plants
Secondary sexual characteristics in man
Major cause of natural selection
May develop from a single fertilized egg
Allows nodding of the head
Similar structures due to common ancestry
Pressure of the cell contents against the cell wall
Development of beard
SECTION B (60 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
3. (a) Identify structures found in plant cells only.
(b) Describe the functions of each structure identified in 3(a) above.
4. (a) (i) What do you understand by the term peristalsis?
(ii) Suppose the peristalsis stops. What problems would and animal face?
(b) Describe the kind of food which should be added to a meal in order to improve peristalsis.
5. (a) Define the term “irritability” in living organisms.
(b) How does each of the aspects below illustrate the phenomena in 5(a) above?
A potted hibiscus plant growing near a window
A zebra sniffing the air with a predator nearby.
6. (a) With example, explain the meaning of the following:
Renewable natural resource?
Nonrenewable natural resource?
(b) (i) What is the importance of recycling of the resources?
(ii) Name the carbon cycle processes which are likely to affect the oxygen concentration in the atmosphere.
7. (a) Name two types of girdles found in the skeletal system.
(b) (i) Describe the three main functions of limb girdles.
(ii) State the type of joint formed at the girdles.
8. Figure 1 is a diagram of a plant root. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow.
(i) Name a group of plant represented by the diagram in Figure 1.
(ii) Give any two examples of plants which can be found in a group of plants mentioned in (a)(i)?
(iii) Name the organisms which inhabit the swellings on the root.
(iv) What is the relationship existing between the plant and the organism mentioned in (a)(iii)?
Name the bacteria which does the following:
Changes nitrates into nitrites;
Converts ammonia into nitrites;
Change nitrites into nitrates.
9. (a) Mention any four laboratory safety rules.
(b) Some of the chemicals and apparatus used in Biology are harmful/dangerous. In what way are the following substances harmful/dangerous?
Highly flammable substances
10. (a) (i) List the five kingdoms into which orgamisms are placed.
(ii) List the distinctive features of members of the kingdom to which a malaria vector belongs.
(b) (i) Identify by using common name, two types of flatworm found in the alimentary canal of a living organism.
(ii) To which kingdom does organism in (b)(i) belong?
SECTION C (20 Marks)
Answer one (1) question from this section.
11. Write an essay on transportation in plants using the following guidelines:
Meaning of transportation
The importance of transpiration
The adaptation of features which enable plants to reduce water loss
12. With the aid of a diagram, describe the structure and function of blood tissue.
13. (a) State the function of the following parts of the brain:
(b) (i) Define the term “drug use”
Explain three effects of drug abuse
Explain two ways in which drug abuse can be controlled
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