(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Year: 2020


l. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.

2.Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.

3.Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, section B forty (40) marks and section C carries forty five (45) marks.

4.Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.

5.Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

l . For each of the items (i) (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided. (10 marks)

(i) How can you characterize a family which displays strong love, morals, respect and peace?

  1. Single parent family 
  2. Modem family
  3. Stable family 
  4. Traditional family 
  5. Patriarchy family
Choose Answer :

(ii) Which of the following attributes will make you accepted in the society?

  1. Working hard 
  2. Dressing in a fancy way
  3. Speaking fluent English language 
  4. Respecting leaders only
  5. Always paying visit to religious leaders
Choose Answer :

(iii)Why it is important to cultivate a culture of maintenance of properties in your school?

  1. To avoid punishment from teachers.
  2. To impress parents.
  3. To prolong the life span of properties. 
  4. To impress the maintenance teacher. 
  5. School properties are very delicate.
Choose Answer :

(iv)Mr Maganga's family had two children a girl and a boy. Both children were selected to join secondary education but the family decided to marry off the girl. How can you describe the family's decision?

  1. Gender blindness
  2. Gender equality
  3. Gender equity
  4. Gender discrimination 
  5. Gender mainstreaming
Choose Answer :

(v)Which among the following institutions is responsible for preserving the national treasures of Tanzania?

  1. The National Sports Council.
  2. The National Arts Council.
  3. The National Film Censorship Board.
  4. The National Tourism Board.
  5. The Department of Museum, Antiquities and National Archives.
Choose Answer :

(vi) Which of the followin g is a correct set of non-union matters in the United Republic ol' Tanzania'?

  1. Defence. security, prison and police force
  2. Primary education. secondary education and technical education 
  3. External affairs, industrial licensing, external trade and borrowin
  4. Higher education, research and statistics
  5. Meteorology. aviation and air transportation
Choose Answer :

(vii)As an expert in Civics, what advise will you give to the government of Tanzania to ensure a healthy motherhood and manageable population growth?

  1. Promote immunization
  2. Promote hygienic health education
  3. Promote reproductive health education
  4. Promote environmental education
  5. Promote policy on national education and training
Choose Answer :

(viii)The chairperson of Mlongeni village displays the village income and expenditure report on the wall outside her office before every annual Village Assembly meeting. Which among the following democratic principles was the chairperson fulfilling?

  1. Political tolerance 
  2. Civic responsibility
  3. Citizenship participation
  4. Separation of powers 
  5. Transparency
Choose Answer :

(ix)What is the attribute of a person who registers as a voter for the election of the President and Members of Parliament in your constituency?

  1. An upright citizen 
  2. A charismatic citizen
  3. A visionary citizen 
  4. A powerful hungry citizen
  5. A responsible citizen
Choose Answer :

(x)Which of the following is a moral right?

  1. The right to marry.
  2. The right to vote
  3. Freedom of expression.
  4. Freedom of assembly
  5. The right to fair trial.
Choose Answer :

2. Match the role and/or power of the court in List A with its court type in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided. (05 marks)

List A

List B

(i) Has the power to hear the appeals from Primary Courts and District Magistrate Courts.

(ii) Hears and determines conflicting interpretations of the Union matters.

(iii) Hears and determines all types of cases including murder, felony and treason.

(iv) Follows simple procedures when hearing and determining matrimonial, inheritance, civil and criminal matters.

(v) Hear and determine petitions originating from the High Court or Courts of Resident Magistrate.

  1. Commercial Court
  2. Court of Appeal 
  3. High Court
  4. Primary Court
  5. Resident Magistrate's Court
  6. Special Constitutional Court
  7. The Supreme Court
  8. Juvenile Court
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SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3.Read the following passage carefully and answer questions (a) (e) that follow:

Work is any lawful activity that a person does to earn living; it can be mental or physical activity. Work is observed as great deal of industrious, diligent, effort and endurance accompanied with self-discipline. We work hard for things we think about and plan for, that will lead us to happiness, success or well being. The path to success is hard work. There is no short cut, no easy way. We are all looking for values that can guide us in our lives. We want to make sense of what we do and why we do it. We are hoping that our life's purpose will lead us to success and eventually to happiness and peace of mind.

Recently the government has taken serious efforts to encourage every adult and abled Tanzanian to work hard, not just for personal but also for national development. There are efforts taken to provide education to majority of citizens from primary level to tertiary level. The numerous vocational training centres intend to foster patriotism, self-reliance and efficient skilled labour for national development. We desire to offer our physical and mental ability to work, whether employed or self-employed. No one works hard for nothing; we have reasons for working hard, such as family to support, dreams to work toward and curiosities to satisfy. Work gives us innate sense of liberty inside all of us, helps us to survive, to amuse ourselves and we also want to make an impact and leave legacy when we die. Work gives us status in the community, fosters selfactualization and self-satisfaction. Working hard increases production; production contributes to tax, which is important for the government to deliver good social services. This is only possible if there is sense of commitment among the citizens.


(a)In less than six words provide a suitable tittle for this passage.

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(b)Why there is no easy way to success? Explain by giving two points.

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(c)Why education is important? Explain by giving two points.

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(d)What are the motivations for people to work? Give two points.

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(e)As an expert in civics, propose one way in which you can work hard for individual and national development.

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4.In which ways do globalization contribute to socio economic development of Tanzania? List five ways.

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5.Mention five circumstances that may cause road accidents.

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6.Why do you think protecting and respecting human rights is important in the society? Give five points.

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7.Briefly explain five internal causes of poverty in Tanzania.

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8.What evidence would you use to show the importance of social development in a society? Give five points,

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9.Which type of life skills will you recommend to your friend who is not getting along well with his friends? Give five points.

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10.As an expert in Civics, propose to urban authorities five ways to address the challenges facing the informal sector.

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SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries 15 marks.

I l . A discipline master/mistress in your school has recently reported an increase in disciplinary cases due to student's misbehavior. In five points, explain the effect of improper behavior among students.

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12.As Civics expert, in five points write an essay to educate your community on the importance of national festivals in Tanzania.

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13.In the process of assessing school properties, the Headmaster/mistress found that there are weaknesses in the department of maintenance. Using five points, explain the loss likely to be incurred due to failure of timely maintenance and care of the properties in the school.

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14.Basing on previous school government election experience. Explain how you can achieve free and fair election in your school government elections? Give five points.

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