(For Both School and Private Candidates)

TIME: 2 Hours 30 Minutes  November 2005 p.m.


1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer all questions in sections A and B, then choose three (3) questions from section C.

3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

4. Electronic calculators are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternative and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) Which one among the following is not true about factors which have promoted national integrity in Tanzania:

  1. Secularism
  2. Kiswahili language
  3. Arusha Declaration
  4. Monopartism
  5. Regionalism
Choose Answer :

(ii) While reproductive right is a legal right, the right to life is a right.

  1. moral
  2. life
  3. democratic
  4. constitutional
  5. religious
Choose Answer :

(iii) The union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar was influenced by the:

  1. Zanzibar Revolution 
  2. desire for security for both Tanganyika and Zanzibar
  3. natural wealth of Zanzibar
  4. desire of Tanganyika leaders to meet their interests
  5. fear of Karume to be overthrown from power
Choose Answer :

(iv)The 1965 interim constitution of Tanzania introduced:

  1. Union government 
  2. Party supremacy
  3. Monoparty system
  4. Arusha Declaration
  5. Multipartism
Choose Answer :

(v)"The parliament of Tanzania is unicameral", this means, it:

  1. proposes laws
  2. has one house of parliament
  3. has two houses of parliament
  4. approves state budget
  5. respects the ruling party
Choose Answer :

Total value of all products and services produced or provided in a country in a year is known as gross national:

  1. product
  2. capital
  3. development
  4. surplus 
  5. profit
Choose Answer :

(vii)In the Tanzania's legal system the punishment for manslaughter is:

  1. death sentence
  2. the parole
  3. deportation
  4. detention
  5. life imprisonment
Choose Answer :

(viii)Inheritance of spouses, sex preference, food taboos and circumcision of women are some of:

  1. cultural practices affecting women
  2. socio-cultural practices affecting women
  3. socio-economic practices affecting women
  4. political practices affecting women
  5. women empowerment activities
Choose Answer :

(ix)Who was the first chair-person of the defunct Organization of African Unity?

  1. Julius K. Nyerere
  2. Kwame Nkrumah
  3. Leopold Senghor
  4. Patrice Lumumba 
  5. Haille Sellassie
Choose Answer :

(x)A full-fledged gender national machinery is:

  1. the World Conference on Women held in Beijing China
  2. the Ministry of Community Development, Women and Children Affairs
  3. UNICEF 
  4. CEDAW
  5. TAMWA
Choose Answer :

2. Match the terms/words in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number.


(i) Arson

(ii) Parliament

(iii) NEMC

(iv) Namibia

(v) G.8

(vi) African Union

(vii) Terrorism

(viii) Rape

(ix) MONUC 


  1. Rule of Law
  2. Unbecoming behavior and actions of children under the age of 18 years.
  3. Unlawful setting of fire on immovable structures or buildings. 
  4. Head of state is elected or comes from the members of the Congress.
  5. Importance and preservation of surroundings.
  6. National Assembly and president.
  7. Limit and control government powers and actions.
  8. A system of federalism.
  9. The national organ responsible for environmental management.
  10. Unlawful sexual act by a man without woman's consent.
  11. Immunity from criminal and civil proceedings.
  12. UN monitoring group in the Democratic Republic of Congo. 
  13. Adopted member of the Commonwealth.
  14. Presidential system of government.
  15. Center nations.
  16. National symbol.
  17. Economic initiative for the development of Africa.
  18. Desertification.
  19. Multilateral organization.
  20. Intentional or threat to use violence to force government to do or not to do something.
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3. Read the following passage and then answer the questions which follow.

Controlling anti-social human conduct is not easy. In many countries of the world, there has been an increasing crime rate over the years. Crime rates are usually higher in the larger cities but have also been increasing in the suburbs and rural areas. Crime is not confined to one main group of people. In Tanzania and most countries, however, the majority of criminals are youths between the ages of 16 and 24 years. Statistics also show that there are more male than female criminals.

Most authorities agree that crime is a major problem. There is no agreement, however, on the cause of crime and what can be done about it. Some of the reasons given on a higher crime rate are poverty, unemployment, lack of education, growing population, alcohol and drug abuse, ineffective police protection, little chance of being caught or punished, breakdown in family structures, lack of parental guidance, break down in morals, the influence of television and films and disrespect of laws.

Although there is evidence that poor social and economic conditions may be related to crime, some of the highest crime rates are found in the wealthiest countries in the world. It is true, however, that some of these wealthy countries still have large numbers of poor people.


(a) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(b) According to the passage, what are the causes for the higher crime rate? State five (5)

(c) According to the author, what is the age group which is mostly involved in crimes?

(d) Why are crime rates higher in larger city centers than in suburbs and rural areas? State three (3) reasons.

(e) Suggest ways of reducing crimes in our countries. State five (5) ways.

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4. (a) State four (4) areas through which the East African Community can use to achieve its objectives.

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(b) Name five (5) areas of cooperation in the East African Community.

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Answer three (3) questions from this section 

5. "The spread of AIDS can be prevented". Discuss.

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6. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of privatization of public enterprises in Tanzania.

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7. "Family is a very important institution which determines the existence and future of any nation". Discuss.

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8. Analyze the importance of reproductive health education to the society.

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9. Show the significance of cultural products to a society like Tanzania.

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10. Highlight the problems facing the society's efforts of empowering women.

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