3. Read the following passage and then answer the questions which follow.
Controlling anti-social human conduct is not easy. In many countries of the world, there has been an increasing crime rate over the years. Crime rates are usually higher in the larger cities but have also been increasing in the suburbs and rural areas. Crime is not confined to one main group of people. In Tanzania and most countries, however, the majority of criminals are youths between the ages of 16 and 24 years. Statistics also show that there are more male than female criminals.
Most authorities agree that crime is a major problem. There is no agreement, however, on the cause of crime and what can be done about it. Some of the reasons given on a higher crime rate are poverty, unemployment, lack of education, growing population, alcohol and drug abuse, ineffective police protection, little chance of being caught or punished, breakdown in family structures, lack of parental guidance, break down in morals, the influence of television and films and disrespect of laws.
Although there is evidence that poor social and economic conditions may be related to crime, some of the highest crime rates are found in the wealthiest countries in the world. It is true, however, that some of these wealthy countries still have large numbers of poor people.
(a) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
(b) According to the passage, what are the causes for the higher crime rate? State five (5)
(c) According to the author, what is the age group which is mostly involved in crimes?
(d) Why are crime rates higher in larger city centers than in suburbs and rural areas? State three (3) reasons.
(e) Suggest ways of reducing crimes in our countries. State five (5) ways.