1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer ALL questions in sections A and B and only TWO in section C.

3. Write your examination number at the top right corner of every page.

4. ALL writing must be in black or blue ink.

5. ALL answers must be written in the spaces provided. 6. Cellphones are not allowed in the examination room.














1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer and write its letter.

(i) Man was able to make and use very simple stone tools during the:

  1. Middle Stone Age
  2. Old stone Age
  3. Late Stone Age
  4. New Stone Age
Choose Answer :

(ii) Which among the following include the methods used in showing chronological order of events?

  1. Famine, epidemics, drought and heavy rains.
  2. Carbon 14, archives, museums and historical sites
  3. Periods, generations, millennia and centuries.
  4. Family trees, time lines, time charts and time graphs.
Choose Answer :

(iii) Three pre-colonial matrilineal societies in East Africa were:

  1. Mwera, Makonde and Sukuma
  2. Chagga, Kikuyu and Kamba
  3. Makonde, Sukuma and Chagga
  4. Kikuyu, Makonde and Kamba.
Choose Answer :

(iv) During the pre-colonial period, Imbagala and Vimbundu of Angola were:

  1. professional traders
  2. abolitionists of slave trade
  3. pastoral societies
  4. early hunters and gatherers.
Choose Answer :

(v) The economic factors for interactions among the people of Africa

  1. migration, trade and language
  2. war, migration and music
  3. intermarriage, medicine and religion
  4. trade, agriculture and metal working.
Choose Answer :

(vi) One of the causes of Mfecane wars was:

  1. arrival of Portuguese at the Cape of Good Hope
  2. migration of the Ngoni under Zwangendaba
  3. rapid population growth in South Africa
  4. arrival of Sultan Seyyid Said in Zanzibar from Oman.
Choose Answer :

(vii) Which among the following include the demands of industrial capitalism?

  1. Piracy, robbery and unequal exchange
  2. Explorers, traders and missionaries.
  3. Markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  4. Robbery, piracy and agents of colonialism
Choose Answer :

(viii)The feudal system in Zanzibar was known as:

  1. Busulo
  2. Nyarubanja
  3. Ubugabire
  4. Umwinyi
Choose Answer :

(ix) Which of the following does not apply to the moran?

  1. Consists of people who were between youth and adulthood
  2. Protects livestock against enemies and wild animals.
  3. Consists of young boys between 8 and 18 years.
  4. Raids neighbouring herds to increase the size of their herds.
Choose Answer :

(x) Who discovered the skull of the earliest ancestors of man in Olduvai Gorge in 1959?

  1. David Livingstone.
  2. Louis Leakey.
  3. Charles Darwin.
  4. Carl Peters.
Choose Answer :

2. (a) Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.



(i) A duration of one hundred years

(ii) He stated that man developed from an ape-like creature.

(iii) It stimulated the rise of Ghana, Mali and Songhai empires.

(iv) The famous iron site in East Africa.

(v) It was made up of several related families.

(vi) The title of the King of Buganda.

(vii) The period when man started domestication of crops and animals.

(viii) The best known explorer in South, Central and East Africa.

(ix) A Portuguese sailor who reached India after going round the southern Cape of Africa in 1498.

(x) The earliest inhabitants of South Africa who are easily identified by the 'click' sounds in their language.

  1. Trans-Saharan trade
  2. Clan
  3. Vasco Da Gama
  4. Hundred decades
  5. Louis Leakey
  6. David Livingstone
  7. Late Stone Age
  8. San
  9. Kabaka
  10. Mungo Park
  11. Ugweno
  12. Moroccan invasion
  13. Century
  14. Old Stone Age
  15. Charles Darwin
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(b) Arrange the following sentences in a chronological order.

(i) These caves were usually near sources of water.

(ii) These activities have earned them the name 'early hunters and gatherers.'

(iii) They mainly lived temporarily in caves.

(iv) They ate raw food like meat and fruits because they did not know how to make fire.

(v) During this period people did not have permanent shelters.

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3. (a) Years and important historical events that took place in Africa are shown in the table below. Write the letter of the year below the corresponding item number of event in the table provided.



(i) The Late Stone Age began in Eastern Africa. (ii) The last anti-slave trade treaty was signed.

(iii) The Dutch established their settlement at the Cape.

(iv) The Portuguese witnessed the fall of Fort Jesus.

(v) Sultan Seyyid Said shifted his capital from Oman to Zanzibar

  1. 1873
  2. 1840
  3. 1562
  4. 1845
  5. 1698
  6. 1795
  7. 1652
  8. 50,000 B.C
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(b) Complete each of the following statements with correct historical facts.

(i) The kingdom whose King was known as Mansa Kankan Musa was

(ii) A duration of one thousand years is called ..

(iii) A collection of private and public documents is known as

(iv) The feudal system which developed in Karagwe was called .

(v) The basic and simplest unit of social organization is called. .

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4. In each of the following statements, write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct in the spaces provided.

(i) Surplus production existed during the feudal mode of production .........

(ii) Monopoly capitalism was characterized by formation of big African companies. .........

(iii) Nyarubanja was feudal system which existed in Buganda.

(iv) The monsoon winds facilitated the early contacts between America, the Middle and Far East.........

(v) Archives are one of the ways of determining dates by remembering changes and events.........

(vi) In East Africa, forms of state organization varied from place to place

(vii)The Late Stone Age was associated with settled life and domestication of crops and animals.........

(viii) Yao and Nyamwezi were the famous iron smelters in Tanzania .........

(ix) Sultan Seyyid Said shifted his capital from Oman to Zanzibar in 1940.. . . . .

(x) Hadzabe and Dorobo are examples of pre-colonial communal societies in East Africa. ... ... ...

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5. Briefly explain the following terms:

(i) Oral tradition

(ii) Ubugabire

(iii) Decade

(iv) Moresby treaty

(v) Slave trade

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6. Explain six social factors for early interactions in Africa.

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7. Analyse six effects of Trans-Sahara trade in West Africa.

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