1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer ALL questions in sections A and B and only TWO in section C.

3. Write your examination number at the top right corner of every page.

4. ALL writing must be in black or blue ink.

5. ALL answers must be written in the spaces provided. 6. Cellphones are not allowed in the examination room.














1. For each of the following items choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i) Which were the pastoral societies that existed in pre-colonial East Africa?

  1. Masai, Nandi, Turkana and Karamajong
  2. Nandi, Kikuyu, Sambaa and Hadzabe
  3. Nyakyusa, Nandi, Karamajong and Makonde
  4. Turkana, Gogo, Sukuma and Kikuyu
Choose Answer :

(ii) The following were some of the commodities used as currency in precolonial Africa:

  1. Copper rods, books and bronze
  2. iron ore, silver and wood
  3. paper, gold and copper
  4. salt, cloth and cowrie shells
Choose Answer :

(iii) Homo-sapiens lived in one of the following periods:

  1. Early Stone Age
  2. Iron Age
  3. Late Stone Age
  4. Middle Stone Age
Choose Answer :

(iv) Identify the society in Kalahari desert which is still practicing primitive communal mode of production:

  1. Dorobo
  2. Khoikhoi
  3. Mbuti 
  4. Teuso
Choose Answer :

(v) Among the given sets of areas below, one was an important salt making centre in Africa:

  1. Axum and meroe
  2. Axum and Uvinza
  3. Meroe and Taghaza
  4. Taghaza and Uvinza
Choose Answer :

(vi) What was the outcome of mineral discovery in South Africa?

  1. Depopulation of Cape Town
  2. Introduction of religious groups
  3. Migration of indigenous people 
  4. Political matters ignored
Choose Answer :

(vii) One of the trade below replaced the slave in Africa:

  1. Legitimate trade
  2. Local trade
  3. Trans-Saharan trade 
  4. Triangular trade
Choose Answer :

(viii) What was the function of a clan head in an African society?

  1. Allocation of water portions for fishing
  2. Breaking up marriages
  3. Providing employment in industries 
  4. Settling conflicts
Choose Answer :

(ix) Traders and Missionaries had the following activities in East Africa:

  1. discovery of mineral areas in Africa
  2. exploration and acquisition of areas for trade
  3. occupation of land for the Asians
  4. spread of administration and civilization
Choose Answer :

(x) One of the items below was the aim of Portuguese interest in the East African coast in the 17th century:

  1. prevention of Islam
  2. provision of social services
  3. spread of Christianity
  4. trade control along the coast
Choose Answer :

2. (a) Match the items in List A with those in List B by writing the correct letter below the corresponding question number in the table provided.



(i) Audio-visual sources of History 

(ii) Duration of one thousand years

(iii) Examples of hunting and gathering societies in East Africa

(iv) Feudal relation along the coast of East Africa and Zanzibar

(v) Foreigners intermarriage with Africans

(vi) Man with ability of making tools

(vii) The movement of Dutch from the Cape to the interior of South Africa

(viii) Pre-colonial African Commercial Societies

(ix) Professional iron smelters

(x) Valuable commodities gathered by Asians from Africa

  1. Blacksmiths
  2. Boer Trek
  3. Films and television
  4. Hadzabe and Dorobo
  5. Half-castes
  6. Homo Habilis
  7. Ivory, slave and gold
  8. Khoikhoi and Xhosa
  9. Mbuti and Hadzabe
  10. Millenium
  11. Oral tradition and museums
  12. Professional hunters
  13. Sambaa and Nyamwezi
  14. Umwinyi
  15. Yao and Kamba
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(b) Arrange the following sentences in a chronological order by writing their Roman numbers in the table provided.

(i) In this struggle man continually learns how to design and fashion better tools.

(ii) In so doing he developed science and technology.

(iii) History explains man's struggle to master his environment.

(iv) History shows the changing relationship between man and man in the course of material production.

(v) For example the people who lived in Engaruka long time ago controlled their environment by adopting irrigation and terracing.

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3. (a) The time line below shows the years in which important events took place in Africa. Against each year write the letter of the relevant event in the table provided.


  1. Coming of Ngoni in East Africa
  2. Emergence of Ntemi system of organization
  3. End of Portuguese rule in East Africa
  4. Mombasa establishes itself as an independent sheikhdom 
  5. Sultan Seyyid Said moved his capital to Zanzibar.
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(b) Complete each of the following statements with correct historical facts:

(i) A social organization which comprises several blood related families is known as .........

(ii) Fire was discovered during

(iii) The first European nation to industrialize and abolish slave trade was .........

(iv) The feudal system in Buhaya was called ... ... ...

(v) The war fought by the Boers against the British was known as

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4. The following statements are either correct or not correct. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i) Africans did not believe in gods before the coming of missionaries . . . . . . .

(ii) Capitalism is a system whereby people live together and practice common ownership of property . . . . . .

(iii) Traders from the Far Eastwho came to the coast of East Africa included Indonesians, Indians and Chinese ... ... ...

(iv) Pre-colonial African societies existed after colonial domination .. . . . . .

(v) Neolithic Revolution was the domestication of animals during the Stone Age .........

(vii) The industrial revolution was among the reasons for abolition of slave trade .........

(vii) Dr. David Livingstone and John Krapf were both missionaries and explorers .........

(viii) The caravan trade in ivory and slaves was characterized by constant warfare .........

(ix) Karagwe, Ugweno and Bagamoyo were among the famous iron centres in East Africa . . . . .

(x) Khoikhoi and Boers were the earliest people to live in Cape Province of South Africa .. . . . .

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5. Write short notes on each of the following terms:

(i) Age set system

(ii) Anthropology

(iii) Centralized states

(iv) Hamerton Treaty

(v) Regional Trade

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6. Explain five characteristics of feudalism.

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7. Write an essay of the importance of museums in Tanzania.

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