1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer ALL questions in sections A and B and only TWO in section C.

3. Write your examination number at the top right corner of every page.

4. ALL writing must be in black or blue ink.

5. ALL answers must be written in the spaces provided. 6. Cellphones are not allowed in the examination room.














For each of the following items choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i) The following was the major form of feudal relations in Rwanda and Burundi:

  1. Basulu
  2. Chiefdom
  3. Ntemiship 
  4. Ubugabire
Choose Answer :

(ii) One of the problems of written records as a source of historical information is that, they:

  1. are given by elders
  2. are mostly reliable
  3. can be used by literate people only
  4. serve as stores of variety of information
Choose Answer :

(iii) The economic factors for interactions among the people of Africa were:

  1. immigration, intermarriage and language
  2. need for new land, trade and agriculture 
  3. trade, intermarriage and language 
  4. war, trade and migration.
Choose Answer :

(iv) The Maasai did not have chiefs because they:

  1. believe in God as their only chief
  2. did not know that chiefs were good
  3. trusted their warriors
  4. moved in different directions looking for pastures
Choose Answer :

(v) The centralised states of East and Central Africa were mostly expanded by:

  1. colonizing
  2. conquest
  3. culture
  4. taxation
Choose Answer :

(vi) The demands of industrial capitalism were:

  1. colonies, slaves and goods from Asia
  2. manufactured goods and area for settlement 
  3. raw materials, market and area for investment 
  4. slaves, manufactured goods and marketing.
Choose Answer :

(vii) Among the reasons for the Dutch settlement at the cape in 1652 was to:

  1. defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized the Indian Ocean
  2. establish Dutch empire in South Africa 
  3. involve South Africa in the world capitalism
  4. prepare a refreshment station for the Dutch merchants from India.
Choose Answer :

(viii)Local trade among the African societies became possible when:

  1. iron tools had decreased
  2. one society became more powerful than others
  3. people could produce less than their needs
  4. people could produce more than their needs
Choose Answer :

(ix) East Africa societies that developed clan organization based on matrilineal system were:

  1. Chagga, Gogo, Sukuma. Sandawe and Yao
  2. Makonde, Makua, Kamba, Kikuyu and Yao 
  3. Sandawe, Tindiga, Makua, Hadzabe and Iraque
  4. Yao, Makonde, Hehe, Sambaa and Luo.
Choose Answer :

(x) The imported manufactured goods in African colonies of West Africa were exchanged with:

  1. diamond, uranium, zinc and animal skins
  2. groundnuts, sea shells, coffee and cotton 
  3. ivory, copper and palm oil
  4. palm oil, sisal, cotton and groundnuts.
Choose Answer :

2. (a) Match the items in List A with those in List B by writing the correct letter below the corresponding question number in the table provided.



(i) Centralised state in Uganda

(ii) Examples of societies engaged in hunting and gathering in East Africa.

(iii) Formed by Cecil Rhodes to operate in Central and South Africa.

(iv) Spread of Islamic religion in the interior of East Africa

(v) The fall of East Africa coastal city states

(vi) Theory proposed by Charles Darwin

(vii) Time line, time chart and family tree

(viii) Trade established to replace slave trade

(ix) Ugweno, Karagwe and Engaruka

(x) Ways used to obtain slaves in East Africa.

  1. Agent of colonialism
  2. Ambush and tricks
  3. Arab Trading activities
  4. Bartholomew Diaz
  5. British South Africa company
  6. Bunyoro
  7. Determine historical dates
  8. Escaping of Ndwande 
  9. Evolution of man
  10. Hadzabe and Sandawe
  11. Iron age in West Tanzania
  12. Iron sites in East Africa
  13. Legitimate trade
  14. Mali
  15. Portuguese activities in East Africa.
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(b) Arrange the following sentences in a chronological order by writing their Roman numbers in the table provided.

(i) The Oman Sultanate greatly stimulated the expansion of trade in East Africa.

(ii) It introduced clove plantations in Zanzibar. The major impact of this was that Wahadimu and Watumbatu were robbed their arable land and remained as Serfs and Tenants.

(iii) This was after Seyyid Said had shifted his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar in 1840.

(iv) Effective Oman control in East Africa was established during the second half of the 19th century.

(v) In this period he was able to establish a more uniform political control along the coast by appointing Liwalis to govern the city states on his behalf.

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3. (a) The time chart below shows the year in which important events took place in Africa. Write the letter of relevant event in the table provided.



(i) 1500 AD

(ii) 1844

(ii) 1867

(iii) 1948

(iv) 1992

  1. Discovery of alluvial diamond along the orange and Vaal rivers in South Africa
  2. Death of Zwangendaba
  3. Emergence of Ntemi system organization
  4. Establishment of the mission station at Rabai
  5. Freed slave settlements
  6. Iron smelting began at Nok in Nigeria
  7. The multiparty system was introduced in Tanzania
  8. The policy of apartheid was officially declared in South Africa.
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(b) Complete the following statements with correct historical facts:

(i) The feudal system along the East African coast was . . . . . . . . . . .

(ii) The exchange of goods among people living in the same geographical area during pre-colonial era was . . . . . . . . . . .

(iii)Pebbles, chopping tools and hand axes were the common tools made and used during . . age. . . . . . . . . . .

(iv) Evidence of rock painting and drawings can be seen in . . . . . . . . . . historical sites in Tanzania.

(v) Trade contacts between East Africa and Far East during the 7th century was known as . . . . . . . . . . .

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4. Write T for a TRUE (correct) statement and F for a FALSE (incorrect) statement.

(i) Slave trade was abolished mainly as a result of the development of Africans . . . . . . . . .

(ii) An economic system in which the major means of production are privately owned is capitalism . . . . . . . . .

(iii) Holy Ghost Fathers was one of the denominations that was represented by the traders . . . . . . . . . . .

(iv) African societies had no political organizations before the coming of the foreigners . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(v) One of the sources of historical information is communalism . . . . . . . . . . .

(vi) The Boers in South Africa used religion to justify their attitude towards Africans . . . . . . . . . .

(vii) The Zimba and Segeju fought against the Portuguese . . . . . . . . . .

(viii) The Oman Arabs came to East Africa mainly to conduct trade . . . . . . . . . . .

(ix) Industrial capitalism was preceded by mercantilism . . . . . . . . . .

(x) Kiswahili language got more vocabularies from Arab and French languages . . . . . . . . .

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5. Give the meaning of each of the following terms: 

(i) Socialism

(ii) Public and private documents

(iii) Bi-pedalism

(iv) Millennium

(v) Generation

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6. Katoto is a form two student at Soma Sana Secondary School who knows only the definition of History. Explain to him five reasons why the students should study the subject.

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7. Briefly describe five effects of early contacts between people of East Africa, Middle and Far East.

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