1.For each of the following items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter.

(i)All meridians pass through:

  1. the North and South Poles
  2. the East and West poles
  3. the Latitudes and Longitudes
  4. the Greenwich meridian
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(ii)Which one of the following are block mountains?

  1. Usambara, Sinai and Himalaya.
  2. Andes, Atlas and Usambara.
  3. Usambara, Ruwenzori and Sinai.
  4. . Elgon, Uluguru and Usambara.
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(iii)A climate located between 50 North and 50 South of the Equator is called:

  1. Savannah
  2. Hot desert
  3. Equatorial Monsoon
  4. Equatorial
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(iv)Large scale crop cultivation is normally characterised by:

  1. application of low technology
  2. monoculture system
  3. poor storage facilities
  4. shifting cultivation
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(v)Which one of the following human activities is mostly affected by climate?

  1. Fishing
  2. Mining
  3. Manufacturing
  4. Farming
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(vi)A scale of a map is said to be enlarged when:

  1. its denominator is increased
  2. its denominator and numerator are the same
  3. its denominator is reduced
  4. its numerator is increased
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(vii)The process whereby water vapour is turned into water droplets is called:

  1. evaporation
  2. condensation
  3. saturation
  4. transpiration
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(viii) Metallurgical industries deal with:

  1. machinery
  2. jewellery
  3. textile
  4. food products
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(ix) Hot deserts are characterised by:

  1. small range of temperature
  2. two peaks of annual rainfall
  3. large range of temperature
  4. high temperature during the day and night.
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(x) The land of East Africa is mainly characterized by:

  1. low lands valley
  2. highlands plateau and lowlands basin
  3. volcanic mountains and residue mountains
  4. highlands and fold mountains.
Choose Answer :

2. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the number of corresponding item in the table provided.

  1. The movement of the earth around the sun.
  2. It occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth
  3. The angular distance north or south of equator.
  4. Occurs on 2 1st June when the sun is vertically overhead on the Tropic of Cancer.
  5. Divides the earth into two equal hemispheres.
  1. Rotation of the earth
  2. Latitude
  3. Winter solstice
  4. Lunar eclipses
  5. Revolution Equator
  6. Solar eclipses
  7. Summer solstice
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3.In each of the following items (i) - (x), write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i)Ocean trenches are also known as submarine plateaus ....

(ii)Equator is not the Great Circle ...

(iii)An eclipse is described as partial when only a part of heavenly body is obscured .........

(iv)Maximum thermometer records both maximum temperature with a day........

(v)Grid reference and bearing are used to determine the position of a place on a map ....

(vi)A scale helps map interpreters to calculate distance, area and computation of other facts....

(vii)Ocean currents are set in motion by prevailing winds .........

(viii)Juvenile water is also referred as underground water .........

(ix)Circumnavigation of the earth is not among the evidence to prove that the earth is spherical......

(x)Uncontrolled deforestation does not expose soil Co erosion and extinction of fauna and flora species ..„.

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4.(a) Mention five sources of water in Tanzania.

(b) Mention five uses of water.

(c) Briefly describe the following terms:

(i)Hydrological cycle

(ii)Water conservation


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5.(a) Outline five evidences to verify that the Earth is spherical.

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 (b) Briefly describe the following features of the continents




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(c) Differentiate the following terms:

 (i) Meteors and satellites

 (ii) Sea and lake

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6.(a) Outline four ways of determining direction of a place on a map.

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(b) List four features of the Representative Fraction (RF) scale.

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(c) Suggest two ways of measuring areas with irregular shapes.

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7.Describe five problems that face tourism industry in Tanzania.

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8.Elaborate five challenges for the development ofmining industry in Tanzania.

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9.Describe five problems facing transportation industry in East Africa

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10.Using examples, explain five problems facing livestock farming in Africa.

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