1. For each of the following items (i) - (X), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter.

(i)Lines drawn on a map joining different places with the same pressure are called:

  1. Isohyets
  2. Isobars
  3. Isotherms 
  4.  Latitude
Choose Answer :

(ii)The type of tourism which deals with visiting unaltered natural environment such as national parks, game reserves, coral reefs, forests and mountains in general can be termed as:

  1.  Domestic tourism
  2. Preserved tourism
  3. Ecotourism
  4.  Historical sites
Choose Answer :

(iii)The following were the primary aims of establishing Tennessee Valley Authority except:

  1. conserving soil
  2. controlling floods
  3. providing electricity
  4. influencing plantation
Choose Answer :

(iv)The place where mineral salts are found in Tanzania is:

  1.  Uvinza
  2. Mwadui
  3. Songosongo 
  4.  Kiwira
Choose Answer :

(v)Which one of the following is a characteristic of water bodies?

  1. Gain heat and lose it equally as the landmass
  2. Lose heat and gain it more quickly than landmass 
  3. Gain heat slowly and lose it more quickly than landmass 
  4. Gain heat slowly and lose it more slowly than landmass
Choose Answer :

(vi)Which one of the following are fold mountains?

  1.  Himalaya, Black forest, Andes and Cape ranges
  2.  Cape ranges Andes, Himalaya and Appalachians 
  3.  Rockies, Andes, Alps and Atlas
  4.  Ruwenzori, Rockies, Vosges and Himalaya.
Choose Answer :

(vii)A great circle refers to:

  1.  the Equator
  2.  a line of longitude
  3.  a circle on a globe
  4.  the distance of the globe
Choose Answer :

(viii)A feature formed as a result of either natural or artificial depression varying in size on the earth surface is called:

  1.  Island arc
  2.  Fold mountain
  3.  Rift valley 
  4.  Basin
Choose Answer :

(ix)Which one among the following sentences describes a longitude?

  1.  Angular distance North Or South of the Equator measured in degrees.
  2.  Angular distance East and South of the Equator measured in degrees.
  3.  Angular distance measured in degrees East or West of the Prime Meridian.
  4.  Angular distance measured in degrees South and North of the Equator.
Choose Answer :

(x) Which one of the following resources are non-renewable?

  1.  Biogas, Oil and Wind
  2.  Geo-thermal, Hydroelectricity and Biogas
  3.  Oil, Coal and Gas
  4.  Coal, Gas and Wind
Choose Answer :

2.Match the items in ListA with responses in List B by writing the letter of th correct response below the number of the corresponding item in the table provided.


(i) The deposition of moisture from the atmosphere on the earths surface.

(ii) A factor affecting temperature of a place.

(iii) The hotness and coldness of a place or an object.

(iv) The Suns rays that reach the surface of the earth.

(v) A common form of precipitation falling from the atmosphere.

(vi) A day-to-day condition of the atmosphere of a place.

(vii) A thin layer of ice crystals deposited on objects on the ground.

(viii) The state of the atmosphere in relation to the amount of water vapour it contains.

(ix) The thin layer of water droplets suspended immediately above the ground.

(x) A prediction of weather condition of a particular place at a given time.

  1. Weather forecasting 
  2. Rainfall
  3. Frost
  4. Sunrise
  5. Humidity
  6. Temperature
  7. Weather station
  8. Mist
  9. Weather
  10. Precipitation
  11. Aspect 
  12. Sunshine

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3.For each of the following statements, write T if the statement is correct and F if the statement is not correct.

  1. A dormant volcano is one that still experiences periodical eruptions
  2. The rotation of the earth results into four seasons of a year .........
  3.  Any circle which divides a globe into hemispheres is known as great circle ..........
  4.  The energy produced due to the movement of water is tidal energy .........
  5. The surface of the earth has two main features which are water bodies and land .........
  6.  Transportation does not involve the movement of people and goods from one place to another .........
  7.  Rainfall, wells, springs, rivers, lakes, seas and oceans in one word are called hydrological circle. ........ .
  8.  Alluvial mining involves extracting minerals which usually occur deep to the earths surface .........
  9. The solar system consists of the sun and its planets .........
  10. Continental shelf, continental slope, deep sea plain, ocean ridges and ocean trenches are features of the ocean floor ......„.
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 4.(a) Mention five features of the ocean floor. 

(b) Name the five largest oceans in the world. 

(c) Mention five largest lakes in the world. 

(d) Differentiate the following terms: 

(i)Temperature and humidity 

(ii)Minimum and maximum thermometer 

 (iii) Pressure and wind 

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5.(a) Convert

(i)1:50,000 into statement scale. 

(ii)lcm to 4.57km into representative fraction scale. 

(iii)If the map distance of a certain river on a topographical map is 15 centimeters, calculate the actual ground distance of that river in kilometers given that the map scale is 1:50,000. 

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(b) (i) Give a difference between Sketch maps and Atlas maps. 

(ii) Give three types of northings. 

(iii) Name two types of grid reference systems. 

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(c) Study the map provided then answer all the questions that follow.  

(i) Calculate the area of the maize farm in km. 

(ii) Find the grid reference of point B.

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6. Describe five factors for the location of manufacturing industries in the world.

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7. Explain five problems that are facing the Rufiji basin project in Tanzania.

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8. Elaborate five problems facing the development of mining industry in Tanzania.

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9. Explain five disadvantages of air transport to a country like Tanzania.

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10. Describe five factors which enhance a conducive environment for generation of energy.

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