FORM TWO GEOGRAPHY NECTA 2003

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING

FORM TWO SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION, 2003

0013 GEOGRAPHY

TIME: 2½ HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS

1. This paper consists of sections A and B.

2. Answer ALL questions in section A and ONLY two questions from Section B.

3. Write your examination number on every page.

4. ALL answers in both sections must be written in this paper.

5. Cellphones and electronic calculators are not allowed in the examination room.

6. ALL writing must be in black or blue pen.

SECTION A

1.Read the following statements carefully and then write the letter of the most correct answer.

(i)The time when the sun is overhead on latitude 23½0S or 3½0N is called:

  1. Solstice
  2. Aphelion
  3. Equinox 
  4. Tropic of Cancer
Choose Answer :


(ii)The second nearest planet from the sun is:

  1. Mercury 
  2. Earth
  3. Venus 
  4. Jupiter
Choose Answer :


(iii)Which of the following is the largest scale?

  1. 1:100,000
  2. 1:10,000
  3. 1:50,000
  4. 1:1,000,000
Choose Answer :


(iv)Wind blows from:

  1. highlands to lowlands
  2. lowlands to highlands
  3. low pressure areas to high pressure areas 
  4. high pressure areas to low pressure areas
Choose Answer :


(v)......... causes the difference between the length of day and night.

  1. Rotation of earth
  2. Distribution oflongitudes
  3. Inclination of the earth's axis
  4. Revolution of the earth
Choose Answer :


(vi)Which of the following type of mountains result from the eruption of molten rocks from the earth's interior?

  1. Block mountains
  2. Volcanic mountains 
  3. Residual mountains
  4. Fold mountains
Choose Answer :


(vii)If it is 3.00 p.m. at Mwanza 33 0 E in Tanzania, what will be the time at Bangladesh 500E?

  1. 10.00 a.m.
  2. 4.32 p.m. 
  3. 10.00 p.m.
  4. 4.08 p.m.
Choose Answer :


(viii)Which of the following is not a renewable resource?

  1. Water 
  2. Air
  3. Mineral 
  4. Forest
Choose Answer :


(ix) The relative humidity of a region is low when:

  1. The wet and dry bulb thermometers read the same
  2. The difference between the readings of wet and dry bulb thermometers is large
  3. The temperatures are high 
  4. The temperatures are low
Choose Answer :


(x) The practice of seasonal movement to the mountains and to the valleys is called:

  1. Agriculture 
  2. Pastoralism
  3. Transhumance
  4. Hunting
Choose Answer :


2.The following are matching items. Match the items in column A with the corresponding items in column B by writing its letter alongside column A as shown in the worked example (v).

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

(i)Lines drawn on maps joining places with the same height above sea level

(ii)Rainfall caused by intensive solar radiation

(iii)Plateau

(iv)Air pollution

(v)Manufacturing

  1. Convectional rain
  2. Cyclonic rain
  3. Shown by U-shaped contours
  4. Dominant feature of the continent of Africa
  5. Contours
  6. Isobars
  7. Planting trees and burning grass 
  8. Addition of unwanted materials into the air
  9. Provides materials in raw form
  10. Conversion of raw materials into forms which are more useful to man





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3.The following statements are either TRUE or FALSE. In the space provided write TRUE if the statement is true and FALSE if the statement is false.

(a) Transportation involves the movement of ideas or information while communication involves the movement of goods and people. .........

(b) There is no direct relationship between the availability of raw materials and industrialization.

(c) Seasons are more pronounced between 23½ and 66½ of latitude. .........

(d) Environmental pollution results into global warming. .........

(e) Lake Victoria is an example of a Rift Valley lake. .....

(f) The spread of HIV/AIDS somehow is accelerated by tourist activities.

(g) Rising and falling in the level of water in the oceans is called a current.

(h) Good railway and road networks stimulate trade and commerce. .........

(i) Bearing and distance is the only way of locating position on maps. ......... 

(j) Over exploitation of forest resources may lead to desertification.

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SECTION B

4. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow:

(i) Calculate the area of the shaded part.

(ii) Find the bearing of A from B.

(iii)Give the direction of B and A.

(iv)Write the grid reference of point A and B.

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(b) Carefully study the climatic data given for station T and answer the questions that follow:

MONTH

J F

M

A

M

J

Temp. oc

25.5

25.8

26

26

27.3

26.5

Rainfall (mm)

246

186

185

198

184

176


Month J A S O N D
Temp. oc

26.5

26.1

26.8

26.8

26.3

25.7

Rainfall (mm)

174.1

197

183

206

261

266

(i)Calculate the mean annual temperature.

(ii)Determine the annual range of temperature.

(iii)Find the annual rainfall for the station.

(iv)What type of climate does station T experience?

(v)Mention four crops that can be grown in the area.

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(c) Give five evidences to prove that the earth is round.

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(d) Mention five factors to be considered in the location of manufacturing industries.

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(e)List down five uses of solar energy.

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(f)List five advantages of plantation agriculture.

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(g)List down five characteristics of large scale agriculture.

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SECTION B

5.Explain five characteristics of sedentary livestock keeping.

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6.Explain the features associated with rapid population growth.

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7.Give suggestions on how to solve the problem of desertification.

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8.Mention the problems associated with exploitation of forest resources.

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9.Explain the main problems facing transport and communications in East Africa.

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