FORM TWO HISTORY NECTA MULTIPLE CHOICE(2003-2020)
FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2018

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL

 HISTORY FTNA 2018

SECTION A

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i)Which one of the following sites represents the early Stone Age?

  1. Bagamoyo 
  2. Isimila 
  3. Olduvai Gorge 
  4. Kilwa


(ii)The goods imported to East Africa from Arabia and Persian Gulf includes:

  1. Glass, pottery and porcelain 
  2. Beads, cloth and copper 
  3. axes, swords and spear 
  4. ivory, gold and palm oil


(iii)One of the factors for the rise of states in the pre-colonial east Africa was:

  1. Diplomacy 
  2. Agreement 
  3. Moresby treaty 
  4. Warfare


(iv) The most important factor for interaction among people in Africa was:

  1. agriculture
  2. war .
  3. trade
  4. pastoralism


(v) When did vasco Da Gama reach East Africa?

  1. 1884
  2. 1498
  3. 1652
  4. 1598


(vi)Which one was the first treaty signed for the abolition of slave trade in East Africa?

  1. Moresby treaty 
  2. Anglo-German Treaty 
  3. Hamerton treaty 
  4. Heligoland Treaty


(vii)One ofthe characteristics ofman before the discovery ofiron technology was:

  1. involvement in slave trade
  2. establishment of industries for pebble tools
  3. reliance on industrials goods
  4. dependence on environment for survival


(viii)Important urban centres like Meroe in western Sudan emerged as a

  1. improved agriculture
  2. salt making
  3. metal working
  4. ship building technology


(ix)Europeans took labourers from Africa during the Trans- Atlantic slav trade because the Africans were.

  1. Weak but resistant to diseases
  2. sick but very strong
  3. unable to do any job
  4. strong and hard working


(x)The western Sudanic states which engaged in the Trans- Saharan trade were:

  1. Mali, Songhai and Bunyoro
  2. Ghana, Asante and Buganda
  3. Oyo, Benin and Mwanamutapa
  4. Ghana, Mali and Songhai


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2017

(i)       History is the study of:

  1. future events
  2. present events
  3. past events
  4. all African events


(ii)     Which ofthe following is a scientific method of determining dates of the past remains?

  1. Archaeology
  2. Time Graphs
  3.  Carbon 14
  4. Time charts


(iii)   One of the important outcomes of the shift of man from walking by four limbs to bipedalism was:

  1.   defending against enemies 
  2.  making and using tools
  3.  cooking and living in caves 
  4.  hunting and gathering


(iv)    During which period did the pre-colonial Tanzanian communities engage in paintings and drawings found at Kondoa-lrangi?

  1.  Late Stone Age
  2. Old Stone Age
  3.  Industrial Age
  4.  Early Stone Age


(v)     Peace and intermarriage during pre-colonial period were among the results of:

  1.  trade between neighbours. 
  2.  war between neighbours. 
  3. conquest of neighbours.
  4. war and slave trade.


(vi)   The following were characteristics of slavery mode of production except:

  1.  existence of classes between slave and slave master. 
  2. slaves had no right to own major means of production.
  3. slaves had a share over the surplus production.
  4.  there was class struggle between slaves and slave masters.


(vii)Some of the commodities used as currency during pre-colonial Africa were:

  1.  pepper, gold and copper. 
  2.  iron hoses, wood and silver
  3.  salt, cloth and cowrie shells.
  4. copper, silver and bronze.


(viii)   A system whereby the major means of production are shared by all members of the society is known as: 

  1.  capitalism. 
  2.  democracy. 
  3.  communalism. 
  4. feudalism.


(ix)   Into which major periods is the Stone Age divided?

  1.  Four
  2. Three
  3. Two 
  4.  Five


(x)     Ten years make: 

  1.   a generation. 
  2.  a decade. 
  3.   a century. 
  4.  a millennium.


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2016

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL

 HISTORY FTNA 2016

SECTION A

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter.

(i)Which one of the following statements is not true about history?

  1. Helps learners to critically assess historical events.
  2. Helps learners to know past achievements and failures of man.
  3. Helps learners to get skills for their future careers.
  4. Helps learners to loose a sense of nationalism and patriotism.


(ii)The evolution theory explains about:

  1. the survival of archaeological remains
  2. the process of accumulating precious goods.
  3. the origin of man using a scientific approach
  4. the creation of man which is found in Holy Books.


(iii)One of the characteristics of man before the discovery of iron technology was:

  1. dependence on environment for survival
  2. reliance on industrial machines
  3. avoidance of gathering fruits
  4. involvement in slave trade


(iv)The history which is handed down by word of mouth, especially by elders, from one generation to another is known as:

  1. Archaeology
  2. Anthropology
  3. Oral traditions
  4. Linguistics


(v)Why was there a big change in mans life during the Late Stone Age compared to the Early and Middle Stone Age?

  1. Due to the presence of crude wooden and stone tools.
  2. Because of the use of more improved tools and settlement.
  3. Due to the use of machines as instruments of labour
  4. Because of the production of pebble tools for farming.


(vi)The division of Age groups among the Maasai society took into consideration the following economic activities except:

  1. grazing and milking
  2. metal working
  3. defense and offence
  4. guidance and religious leadership


(vii) Europeans took laboures from Africa during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade because the Africans were:

  1. weak but resistant to diseases
  2. sick but very strong
  3. unable to do any job
  4. strong and hardworking


(viii)The system of land ownership in Buhaya was known as:

  1. Ubugabire
  2. Umwinyi
  3. Nyarubanja
  4. Busulo


(ix)The reasons for the abolition of slave trade were:

  1. legitimate trade and Boer trek
  2. religious wars and industrial revolution
  3. economic and humanitarian reasons
  4. good weapons and economic reasons.


(x)Four main language groups to which East African communities belong are:

  1. Sandawe, Cushites, Bantu and Nilotes
  2. Dorobo, Cushites, Nilotes and Bantu
  3. Khoisan, Cushites, Nilotes and Bantu
  4. Khoikhoi, San, Nilotes and Bantu


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2015

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL

 HISTORY FTNA 2015

SECTION A

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer and write its letter.

(i)Bagamoyo, Kilwa and Kondoa Irangi are examples of:

  1. early iron sites
  2. local museums
  3. famous archives
  4. historical sites


(ii)The method of collecting historical information through talking and listening to elders is called:

  1. archaeology
  2. archives
  3. museums
  4. oral traditions


(iii)   People whose work is to study and explain the remains which show mans physical development, his activities and the tools he made and used are known as:

  1. Archaeologists
  2. Evolutionists
  3. Biologists
  4. Homo Sapiens


(iv)In which century was the Zanzibar slave market closed?

  1.  2nd century
  2.  18th century 
  3. 19th century
  4. 20 th century


(v)Three of these kingdoms are closely related. Which one of them is not?

  1. Ghana
  2. Mali
  3. Buganda
  4. Songhai


(vi)What was the title of the ruler of Karagwe?

  1. Lukiko
  2. Katikiro
  3. Kabaka
  4. Omukama


(vii)Which among the following include the cultural practices through which historical information is obtained?

  1. A. Poems, proverbs and stories.
  2. Archives, museums and oral tradition
  3. Narration of past, present and future events
  4. Family trees, time lines and time charts.


(viii)The way of determining dates by remembering changes and events is commonly used in:

  1. places with many historical sites
  2. areas where much of the history is written
  3. places where much of the history is not written
  4. areas where other sources have been discovered


(ix)Which one of the following factors led to the decline of Songhai Empire?

  1. Almoravid attacks
  2. Moroccan invasion
  3. Attacks from Tuaregs
  4. Resistance from Portuguese


(x) The golden stool was a symbol of unity in the kingdom of:

  1. Mali
  2. Songhai
  3. Ghana
  4. Asante


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2014

(i) Man was able to make and use very simple stone tools during the:

  1. Middle Stone Age
  2. Old stone Age
  3.  Late Stone Age
  4. New Stone Age


Which among the following include the methods used in showing chronological order of events?

  1. Famine, epidemics, drought and heavy rains. 
  2. Carbon 14, archives, museums and historical sites 
  3.  Periods, generations, millennia and centuries.
  4.  Family trees, time lines, time charts and time graphs.


(iii)    Three pre-colonial matrilineal societies in East Africa were:

  1. Mwera, Makonde and Sukuma
  2.   Chagga, Kikuyu and Kamba 
  3. .Makonde, Sukuma and Chagga
  4.  Kikuyu, Makonde and Kamba.


(iv)    During the pre-colonial period, Imbagala and Vimbundu of Angola were:

  1. professional traders
  2. abolitionists of slave trade 
  3.  pastoral societies.
  4. early hunters and gatherers.


(v)      The economic factors for interactions among the people of Africa were:

  1.  migration, trade and language
  2. war, migration and music
  3.  intermarriage, medicine and religion 
  4.  trade, agriculture and metal working.


(vi)     One of the causes of Mfecane wars was:

  1.   arrival of Portuguese at the Cape of Good Hope
  2.   migration of the Ngoni under Zwangendaba 
  3.  rapid population growth in South Africa
  4. arrival of Sultan Seyyid Said in Zanzibar from Oman.


(vii)   Which among the following include the demands of industrial capitalism?

  1.  Piracy, robbery and unequal exchange
  2.   Explorers, traders and missionaries.
  3.  Markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  4.  Robbery, piracy and agents of colonialism


(viii)The feudal system in Zanzibar was known as:

  1.   Busulo
  2.  Nyarubanja
  3.  Ubugabire 
  4.  Umwinyi


(ix)     Which of the following does not apply to the moran?

  1.  Consists of people who were between youth and adulthood
  2.  Protects livestock against enemies and wild animals. 
  3. Consists of young boys between 8 and 18 years.
  4.  Raids neighbouring herds to increase the size of their herds.


(x)      Who discovered the skull of the earliest ancestors of man in Olduvai Gorge in 1959?

  1.  David Livingstone.
  2. Louis Leakey. 
  3. Charles Darwin.
  4. Carl Peters.


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2013

Which were the pastoral societies that existed in pre-colonial East Africa?

  1.  Masai, Nandi, Turkana and Karamajong
  2.  Nandi, Kikuyu, Sambaa and Hadzabe
  3.  Nyakyusa, Nandi, Karamajong and Makonde
  4. Turkana, Gogo, Sukuma and Kikuyu


The following were some of the commodities used as currency in precolonial Africa:

  1. Copper rods, books and bronze
  2.  iron ore, silver and wood
  3. paper, gold and copper
  4. salt, cloth and cowrie shells


(iii)          Homo-sapiens lived in one of the following periods:

  1.  Early Stone Age
  2. Iron Age
  3.  Late Stone Age
  4.  Middle Stone Age


(iv)          Identify the society in Kalahari desert which is still practicing primitive communal mode of production:

  1.  Dorobo
  2.  Khoikhoi
  3.  Mbuti 
  4.  Teuso


(v)           Among the given sets of areas below, one was an important salt making centre in Africa:

  1.  Axum and meroe
  2.  Axum and Uvinza
  3.  Meroe and Taghaza
  4. Taghaza and Uvinza


(vi) What was the outcome of mineral discovery in South Africa?

  1. Depopulation of Cape Town
  2. Introduction of religious groups
  3.  Migration of indigenous people 
  4.  Political matters ignored


(vii)        One of the trade below replaced the slave in Africa:

  1.  Legitimate trade
  2.  Local trade
  3. Trans-Saharan trade 
  4.  Triangular trade


(viii)       What was the function of a clan head in an African society?

  1.  Allocation of water portions for fishing
  2.  Breaking up marriage
  3.  Providing employment in industries 
  4.  Settling conflicts


(ix)          Traders and Missionaries had the following activities in East Africa:

  1.   discovery of mineral areas in Africa
  2. exploration and acquisition of areas for trade
  3.  occupation of land for the Asians
  4.  spread of administration and civilization


(x)           One of the items below was the aim of Portuguese interest in the East African coast in the 17th century:

  1.  prevention of Islam
  2. provision of social services
  3.  spread of Christianity
  4. trade control along the coast


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2012

(i)       The following was the major form of feudal relations in Rwanda and Burundi:

  1.  Basulu
  2. Chiefdom
  3. Ntemiship
  4.  Ubugabire


(ii)      One of the problems of written records as a source of historical information is that, they:

  1. are given by elders
  2. are mostly reliable
  3.  can be used by literate people only
  4. serve as stores of variety of information


(iii)    The economic factors for interactions among the people of Africa were:

  1.  immigration, intermarriage and language
  2. need for new land, trade and agriculture
  3.  trade, intermarriage and language
  4.  war, trade and migration.


(iv)    The Maasai did not have chiefs because they:

  1.   believe in God as their only chief
  2. did not know that chiefs were good
  3. trusted their warriors
  4.  moved in different directions looking for pastures


(v)      The centralised states of East and Central Africa were mostly expanded by:

  1. colonizing
  2. conquest
  3. culture
  4.  taxation


(vi)    The demands of industrial capitalism were:

  1. colonies, slaves and goods from Asia
  2. manufactured goods and area for settlement 
  3.  raw materials, market and area for investment 
  4.  slaves, manufactured goods and marketing.


(vii)  Among the reasons for the Dutch settlement at the cape in 1652 was to:

  1. defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized the Indian Ocean
  2. establish Dutch empire in South Africa 
  3.  involve South Africa in the world capitalism
  4.  prepare a refreshment station for the Dutch merchants from India.


(viii)Local trade among the African societies became possible when:

  1.  iron tools had decreased
  2. one society became more powerful than others
  3. people could produce less than their needs
  4. people could produce more than their needs


(ix)     East Africa societies that developed clan organization based on matrilineal system were:

  1. Chagga, Gogo, Sukuma. Sandawe and Yao
  2. Makonde, Makua, Kamba, Kikuyu and Yao 
  3.  Sandawe, Tindiga, Makua, Hadzabe and Iraque
  4. Yao, Makonde, Hehe, Sambaa and Luo.


(x)      The imported manufactured goods in African colonies of West Africa were exchanged with:

  1.  diamond, uranium, zinc and animal skins
  2. groundnuts, sea shells, coffee and cotton 
  3. ivory, copper and palm oil
  4.  palm oil, sisal, cotton and groundnuts.


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2011

(i)       The interlacustrine region is a good example of an area which practiced:

  1. mixed agriculture
  2. pastoralism
  3.  permanent agriculture 
  4. shifting agriculture


(ii)      The following are exploitative social and economic organizations practiced in Pre-colonial Africa except:

  1. Capitalism
  2. Communalism
  3. Feudalism
  4.  Slavery


(iii)    One of the impacts of iron technology in Africa was:

  1. expansion of heavy industries
  2. famine
  3. growth of agriculture
  4.  increase of diseases


(iv)    Audaghost was a trading town in the ... .... route of Trans-Saharan trade:

  1.  central 
  2. eastern
  3.  southern 
  4. western


(v)      Olduvai Gorge is famous for:

  1. archaeological findings
  2.  archival activities
  3.  oral traditions
  4. sedentary farming


(vi)  Before the 15 thC Africa was called a "Dark continent" because:

  1. it had no development
  2.  it was not known to European capitalists
  3. its people were black
  4. there were no demands for raw materials


(vii)          The origin of the Ngoni speaking people is historically believed to be in:

  1.  Kimberley in South Africa
  2. Natal in South Africa
  3. Pretoria in South Africa 
  4. Soweto in South Africa


(viii)        The following were some of the centralized city states of West Africa:

  1.  Bunyoro, Buganda and Toro
  2. Cape, Nyamwezi and Karagwe
  3. Oyo, Ife and Benin
  4. Sofala, Mombasa and Lamu


(ix)  Food production and animal keeping spread in Africa by means of:

  1. internal evolution, migration and contact
  2. migration, trade and contact with early growers
  3. technology and advice by kings and chiefs 
  4.  war, trade and imitation


(x)    Aman who was the first to design and use tools was:

  1. Australopithecus afrikanus
  2.  Gorilla
  3. Homo erectus
  4. Modern apes


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2010

(i)        One of the shortcomings of oral tradition as a source of historical information is that, it is:

  1. difficult to prove the fact and imaginary information
  2. given through the word of mouth
  3. given by elders
  4. handed from one generation to another  


(ii)      The transition from Mercantilism to Industrial Capitalism led to:

  1. areas for investment and manufactured goods
  2.     the demand for slaves
  3.  the demand for raw materials, markets and areas for investment
  4. the use of navigable rivers


(iii)    The study of the remains of past materials through scientific analysis is - called:

  1.  Archaeology
  2.  Archives
  3.  Historical sites 
  4.  Museums


(iv)     Examples of mixed farming societies in pre-colonial Africa were:

  1.   Hehe, Digo, Maasai and Matumbi
  2. Karamajong, Pokot, Fipa and Hadzabe
  3. Nyamwezi, Nyakyusa, Ndorobo and Chagga 
  4. Sukuma, Sangu, Kurya and Fipa


(v)      Which of the following is the cause of Ngoni Migration?

  1. Abolition of slave trade
  2. Population increase
  3.  Rise of Trans-Saharan Trade
  4. The need to search for new areas


(vi)    Dates can be determined by looking at the:

  1. grammar, sayings and literature of some languages
  2.  grammar, sayings, myths and songs of some peoples
  3. vocabulary, proverbs and normative of some past events 
  4. vocabulary, sayings and literature of some languages


(vii)  In which stage of evolution of man were agriculture and domestication of animals practiced?

  1. Early Stone Age
  2. Iron Age
  3. Later or new Stone Age
  4.  Middle Stone Age


(viii)The three main economic activities in pre-colonial African societies were:

  1. agriculture, handcrafts and trade
  2. carpentry, pottery and salt making
  3. industries, gathering and fishing
  4. lumbering, harvesting and salt making


(ix)    The following are the functions of Moran EXCEPT to:

  1.  control religion and to solve problems
  2. defend and expand their society
  3. protect the whole society
  4. travel with their herds for searching pastures and water


(x)      The social factors for interactions among people of Africa were

  1. migration, intermarriage and areas for investments
  2. language, migration and population increase
  3.  trade, war and migration
  4.  trade, intermarriage, language and population increase


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2009

(i)       An AGE refers to:

  1. a period of 10 years.
  2. an average difference of years between parents and their children.
  3. mans economic activities and the types of tools he made and used.
  4. one continuous event lasting for a number of years.  


(ii)      The earliest people to live in the present Cape Province of South Africa were the:

  1. Xhosa and the Bushmen
  2. Khoikhoi and the Hottentots
  3. San and the Xhosa
  4. San and the Hottentots



(iii)    The end of Portuguese rule in East Africa was marked by the:

  1. Closure of the slave market in Zanzibar
  2. Fall of coastal city states
  3. Coming of Sultan Sayyid Said
  4. Fall of Fort Jesus


(iv)    The main reason for the decline of the Trans-Saharan Trade in the 16th century was the: 

  1. European invasion
  2. Rise of the Indian Trade 
  3. Rise of the Triangular Trade 
  4. Rise of the Savanna States


(v) The major impact of the Portuguese conquest of East Africa was the:

  1. Destruction of clove plantations in Zanzibar.
  2. Decline of the Mwenemutapa Empire. 
  3. Diversion of the Indian Trade to Europe
  4. Diversion of the Slave Trade to Europe. 


The development of legitimate trade in 19th century was the result of:

  1. Abolition of the Triangular Slave Trade
  2. Fall of Coastal City States
  3. The formation of Coastal City States
  4. Trans-Sahara Trade  


(vii)  In Ubugabire system in interlacustrine region the power of the ruler was usually based on: 

  1. Cattle ownership
  2. Land ownership
  3. Land and cattle ownership 
  4. Military and land ownership 


(viii)One important effect of Iron technology in Africa was:

  1. Expansion of heavy industries
  2. Expansion of agriculture 
  3. Increase of civil wars
  4. Increase of migration to new areas 


(ix)    The transition from Mercantilism to Industrial Capitalism led to the demand:

  1. of more slaves from East and West Africa.
  2. for manufactured goods.
  3. of goods from Middle and Far East.
  4. for raw materials and markets. 


(x)      The ability of the early man to walk by using two limbs is known as:

  1. Adoption
  2. Bipedalism
  3. Evolution 
  4. Revolution


THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE

FORM TWO SECONDARY NATIONAL EXAMINATION, 2009

0012 HISTORY

TIME : 2 HOURS

SECTION A

1. For each of the items (i) - (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i)An AGE refers to:

  1. a period of 10 years.
  2. an average difference of years between parents and their children.
  3. man's economic activities and the types of tools he made and used.
  4. one continuous event lasting for a number of years.


(ii)The earliest people to live in the present Cape Province of South Africa were the:

  1. Xhosa and the Bushmen
  2. Khoikhoi and the Hottentots
  3. San and the Xhosa
  4. San and the Hottentots


(iii)The end of Portuguese rule in East Africa was marked by the:

  1. Closure of the slave market in Zanzibar
  2. Fall of coastal city states
  3. Coming of Sultan Sayyid Said
  4. Fall of Fort Jesus


(iv)The main reason for the decline of the Trans-Saharan Trade in the 16th century was the:

  1. European invasion
  2. Rise of the Indian Trade
  3. Rise of the Triangular Trade
  4. Rise of the Savanna States


(v)The major impact of the Portuguese conquest of East Africa was the:

  1. Destruction of clove plantations in Zanzibar.
  2. Decline of the Mwenemutapa Empire.
  3. persion of the Indian Trade to Europe.
  4. persion of the Slave Trade to Europe.


(vi)The development of legitimate trade in 19th century was the result of:

  1. Abolition of the Triangular Slave Trade
  2. Fall of Coastal City States
  3. The formation of Coastal City States
  4. Trans-Sahara Trade


(vii)In Ubugabire system in interlacustrine region the power of the ruler was usually based on:

  1. Cattle ownership
  2. Land ownership
  3. Land and cattle ownership
  4. Military and land ownership


(viii)One important effect of Iron technology in Africa was:

  1. Expansion of heavy industries
  2. Expansion of agriculture
  3. Increase of civil wars
  4. Increase of migration to new areas


(ix)The transition from Mercantilism to Industrial Capitalism led to the demand:

  1. of more slaves from East and West Africa.
  2. for manufactured goods.
  3. of goods from Middle and Far East. 
  4. for raw materials and markets.


(x)The ability of the early man to walk by using two limbs is known as:

  1. Adoption
  2. Bipedalism
  3. Evolution
  4. Revolution


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2008

(i)       The collection of public documents is called:

  1. Museums
  2. Archives
  3. Archaeology
  4. Oral traditions 


(ii)      The chronological order of events is usually shown in the following EXCEPT:

  1. Time chart
  2. Time line 
  3. Family tree
  4. Carbon 14  


(iii)    The following are the stages in evolution of man:

  1. Zinjanthropus, Homo Erectus, Homo Sapiens, Homo Habilis
  2. Chimpanzee, Homo Erectus, Zinjanthropus
  3. Chimpanzee, Zinjanthropus, Homo Habilis, Homo Erectus, Homo Sapiens  
  4. Modern Apes, Homo Sapiens, Chimpanzee, Zinjanthropus 


(iv)    The basic needs which man constantly struggles to obtain are:

  1. Water, food and clothes
  2. Relationship, love and peace
  3. Air, love and food 
  4. Food, shelter and clothes 


(v)      The following is one of the methods used to obtain gold in African societies:

  1. Shaft and panning methods
  2. Pottery and ornaments
  3. Ornaments and shaft 
  4. Panning method and pottery 


(vi)     The following were the main participants in long distance trade in East Africa:

  1. Yao, Nyamwezi and Kamba
  2. Imbangala, Vimbundu and Arabs
  3. Ngoni, Tuareg, Arabs and Mazrui
  4. Yao, Barbaig, Arabs and Mandinka 


(vii)   Local trade among African societies became possible when:

  1. One society became more powerful than others
  2. Iron tools had increased
  3. People produced less than their needs
  4. People could produce more than their needs 


(viii)One reason for the Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652 was to:

  1. Create Dutch empire in South Africa;
  2. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized the Indian Ocean;
  3. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch merchants from India;
  4. Place South Africa in the World of Capitalism 


(ix)    The social factors for interaction among the people of Africa were:

  1. Migration, intermarriage and the need to search for new areas;
  2. Trade, war and migration; 
  3. Language, migration and population increase; 
  4. Trade, intermarriage, language and population increase. 


(x)      The earliest social organization from which each society has passed through is:

  1. Slavery
  2. Socialism
  3. Feudalism 
  4. Communalism  


THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE

FORM TWO SECONDARY NATIONAL EXAMINATION, 2008

0012 HISTORY

TIME : 2 HOURS

SECTION A

1. For each of the following items choose the best answer from the given alternatives.

(i)The collection of public documents is called:

  1. Museums
  2. Archives
  3. Archaeology
  4. Oral traditions


(ii) The chronological order of events is usually shown in the following EXCEPT:

  1. Time chart
  2. Time line
  3. Family tree
  4. Carbon 14


(iii) The following are the stages in evolution of man:

  1. Zinjanthropus, Homo Erectus, Homo Sapiens, Homo Habilis
  2. Chimpanzee, Homo Erectus, Zinjanthropus
  3. Chimpanzee, Zinjanthropus, Homo Habilis, Homo Erectus, Homo Sapiens
  4. Modern Apes, Homo Sapiens, Chimpanzee, Zinjanthropus


(iv)The basic needs which man constantly struggles to obtain are:

  1. Water, food and clothes
  2. Relationship, love and peace
  3. Air, love and food
  4. Food, shelter and clothes


(v) The following is one of the methods used to obtain gold in African societies:

  1. Shaft and panning methods
  2. Pottery and ornaments
  3. Ornaments and shaft
  4. Panning method and pottery


(vi)were the main participants in long distance trade in East Africa:

  1. Yao, Nyamwezi and Kamba
  2. Imbangala, Vimbundu and Arabs
  3. Ngoni, Tuareg, Arabs and Mazrui
  4. Yao, Barbaig, Arabs and Mandinka


(vii) Local trade among African societies became possible when:

  1. One society became more powerful than others
  2. Iron tools had increased
  3. People produced less than their needs
  4. People could produce more than their needs


(viii) One reason for the Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652 was to:

  1. Create Dutch empire in South Africa;
  2. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized the Indian Ocean;
  3. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch merchants from India;
  4. Place South Africa in the World of Capitalism


(ix)The social factors for interaction among the people of Africa were: 

  1. Migration, intermarriage and the need to search for new areas; 
  2. Trade, war and migration;
  3. Language, migration and population increase;
  4. Trade, intermarriage, language and population increase.


(x)The earliest social organization from which each society has passed through is: 

  1. Slavery
  2. Socialism
  3. Feudalism
  4. Communalism


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2007

(i)        In which stage of evolution of man did agriculture and domestication evolve?

  1. Iron Age
  2. Middle Stone Age 
  3. Late Stone Age
  4. Early Stone Age 


(ii)      The following are the social factors for interactions among the people of Africa:

  1. Trade, wars and migration.
  2. Migration, intermarriages and the need to search for new areas.
  3.   Wars, migration and trade.
  4. Language relations, migration and population increase.


(iii)    What was the outcome of mineral discovery in South Africa?

  1. Creation of classes of people.
  2. People ignored political matters.
  3. Cape Town was depopulated.
  4. The indigenous moved away. 


(iv)     Gao was a trading centre which developed into a large empire known as:

  1.   Songhai
  2. Asante
  3.   Mali
  4. Ghana


(v)      The Hamerton treaty was about:

  1. Allowing the Sultan of Zanzibar to buy slaves from the interior.
  2. To forbid the Sultan of Zanzibar to sell slaves outside his dominion.
  3. To forbid the Sultan of Zanzibar to sell slaves outside farther north than Lamu and Mogadishu.
  4. Allowing the Sultan to sell slaves to the rich slave traders in Arabia. 


(vi)    The East African societies that developed clan organization based on matrilineal system were:

  1.   Makonde, Makua, Kamba, Kikuyu and Yao.
  2. Sandawe, Tindiga, Makua, Hadzabe and Iraq
  3. Chagga, Gogo, Sukuma, Sandawe and Yao
  4. Yao, Makonde, Hehe, Sambaa and Luo. 


(vii)  Slave trade in Africa was replaced by the so called:

  1. Triangular trade
  2. Caravan trade
  3. Legitimate trade  
  4. Exchange of goods 


(viii)ln evolution of man, the systematic tool maker was:

  1. Zinjanthropus
  2. Australopithecines
  3. Homo Erectus
  4. Homo Habilis 


(ix)Among the evidences of the earliest commercial contacts between East Africa and the Middle and Far East as far back as 200 BC is:

  1. Existence of large Asian shops along the Coastal areas
  2. The periplus of the Erythrean Sea written by Greek traders
  3. Existence of Arabic words in the Swahili language
  4. Growth of towns along the coastal area. 


(x)    The period which marked the intense competition and warfare among European states was known as:

  1. Industrial capitalism
  2. The age of mercantilism
  3. Iron Age  
  4. Industrial revolution


THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE

FORM TWO SECONDARY NATIONAL EXAMINATION, 2007

0012 HISTORY

TIME : 2 HOURS

SECTION A

1, For each of the following items choose the best answer from the given alternatives:

(i)In which stage of evolution of man did agriculture and domestication evolve?

  1. Iron Age
  2. Middle Stone Age
  3. Late Stone Age
  4. Early Stone Age


(ii)The following are the social factors for interactions among the people of Africa:

  1. Trade; wars and migration.
  2. Migration, intermarriages and the need to search for new areas.
  3. Wars, migration and trade.
  4. Language relations, migration and population increase.


(iii)What was the outcome of mineral discovery in South Africa?

  1. Creation of classes of people.
  2. People ignored political matters.
  3. Cape Town was depopulated.
  4. The indigenous moved away.


(iv)Gao was a trading centre which developed into a large empire known as:

  1. Songhai
  2. Asante
  3. Mali
  4. Ghana


(v)The Hamerton treaty was about:

  1. Allowing the Sultan of Zanzibar to buy slaves from the interior.
  2. Ta forbid the Sultan of Zanzibar to sell slaves outside his dominion. 
  3. To forbid the Sultan of Zanzibar to sell slaves outside farther north than Lamu and Mogadishu,
  4. Allowing the Sultan to sell slaves to the rich slave traders in Arabia.


(vi)The East African societies that developed clan organization based on matrilineal system were:

  1. Makonde, Makua, Kamba, Kikuyu and Yao. 
  2. Sandawe, Tindiga, Makua, Hadzabe and Iraqw 
  3. Chagga, Gogo, Sukuma, Sandawe and Yao.
  4. Yao, Makonde, Hehe, Sambaa and Luo.


(vii)Slave trade in Africa was replaced by the so called: 

  1. Triangular trade 
  2. Caravan trade
  3. Legitimate trade 
  4. Exchange of goods


(viii) In evolution of man, the systematic tool maker was:

  1. Zinjanthropus 
  2. Australopithecines
  3. Homo Erectus 
  4. Homo Habiiis


(ix) Among the evidences of the earliest commercial contacts between East Africa and the Middle and Far East as far back as 200 BC is:

  1. Existence of large Asian shops along the Coastal areas
  2. The periplus of the Erythrean Sea written by Greek traders
  3. Existence of Arabic words in the Swahili language 
  4. Growth of towns along the coastal area.


(x) The period which marked the intense competition and warfare among European states was known as:

  1. Industrial capitalism 
  2. The age of mercantilism
  3. Iron Age
  4. Industrial revolution


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2006

(i)         History is the study of:

  1. Past, present and future tenses;
  2. Past selected information;
  3. Ujamaa in traditional African societies;
  4. Mans activities against nature through various stages of development.


(ii)       In evolution of man, the use of tools and bi-pedalism were accompanied by the development of mans: 

  1. Agriculture
  2. Brain
  3. Limbs
  4. Trade 


(iii)       Which of the following marked the end of Portuguese rule in East Africa?

  1. The rise and fall of Coast City States
  2. The coming of Sultan Seyyid Said to Zanzibar
  3. The fall of fort Jesus in Mombasa  
  4. The coming of Europeans to East Africa 


(iv)      One of the effects of early contacts between East Africans and outsiders was:

  1. Depopulation
  2. Rise of Coastal City States
  3. Unequal Exchange
  4. Migration of people from Mozambique to Southern Tanzania 


(v)       An important feature in the East African coastal commercial life was the Indian Banyans who were:

  1. Capitalists from France
  2. Gold miners from France
  3. Slave Caravans
  4. Traders and money lenders 


(vi)    The NOK region in West Africa was famous in:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Pastoralism
  3. Salt making
  4. Iron smelting 


(vii)  The major cause of Ngoni migration from South Africa during the 19th century was:

  1. The death of Zwangendaba in 1845
  2. Population pressure leading to scarcity of resources such as fertile land and pasture 
  3. Expansion of trade especially Trans-Sahara trade
  4. Failure of vassal states to pay tributes


(viii)The chronological order of events is usually by the following except:

  1. Time-chart
  2. Carbon 14
  3. Time line
  4. Family tree


(ix)       The important effect of iron technology in Africa was:

  1. Expansion of heavy industries
  2. Increase of civil wars
  3.     Increase of migration in Africa
  4. Increase of agriculture and population


(x)         The process by which people act on nature while at the same time they enter into relationship with one another is called:

  1. Means of production
  2. Object of labour
  3. Productive forces
  4.  Relations of Production 


THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE

FORM TWO SECONDARY NATIONAL EXAMINATION, 2006

0012 HISTORY

TIME : 2 HOURS

SECTION A

For each of the items (i) - (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i)History is the study of:

  1. Past, present and future tenses;
  2. Past selected information;
  3. Ujamaa in traditional African societies;
  4. Man's activities against nature through various stages of development.


(ii)In evolution of man, the use of tools and bi-pedalism were accompanied by the development of man's:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Brain
  3. Limbs
  4. Trade


(iii)Which of the following marked the end of Portuguese rule in East Africa?

  1. The rise and fall of Coast City States
  2. The coming of Sultan Seyyid Said to Zanzibar
  3. The fall of fort Jesus in Mombasa
  4. The coming of Europeans to East Africa


(iv)One ofthe effects of early contacts between East Africans and outsiders was:

  1. Depopulation
  2. Rise of Coastal City States
  3. Unequal Exchange
  4. Migration of people from Mozambique to Southern Tanzania


(v)An important feature in the East African coastal commercial life was the Indian Banyans who were:

  1. Capitalists from France
  2. Gold miners from France
  3. Slave Caravans
  4. Traders and money lenders


(vi)The NOK region in West Africa was famous in:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Pastoralism
  3. Salt making
  4. Iron smelting


(vii)The major cause of Ngoni migration from South Africa during the 19th century was:

  1. The death of Zwangendaba in 1845
  2. Population pressure leading to scarcity of resources such as fertile land and pasture
  3. Expansion of trade especially Trans-Sahara trade
  4. Failure of vassal states to pay tributes


(viii)The chronological order of events is usually by the following except:

  1. Time-chart
  2. Carbon 14
  3. Time line
  4. Family tree


(ix)The important effect of iron technology in Africa was:

  1. Expansion of heavy industries
  2. Increase of civil wars
  3. Increase of migration in Africa
  4. Increase of agriculture and population


(x)The process by which people act on nature while at the same time they enter into relationship with one another is called: 

  1. Means of production
  2. Object of labour
  3. Productive forces
  4. Relations of Production


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2005
ottom:.55pt; margin-left:.55in;text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;text-indent: -20.15pt;line-height:103%;">(i)       A source of historical information which contains remains that show mans physical development activities and tools he used is:

  1. Museum
  2.   Oral tradition
  3. Archives
  4. Historical sites


(ii)      One ofthefollowingEastAfrican coastal city states was located in present day Mozambique, hence directly received gold from Mwenemutapa in the 15 th century.

  1.    Lamu 
  2.    Kilwa 
  3.     Sofala
  4.     Zimbabwe


(iii)    The following historical eventinvolved the continents of Africa, America and Europe between 15 th and 19 th centuries.

  1.     Trans Saharan
  2.      The Boer Trek
  3.     Triangular slave trade 
  4.      East African long distance trade 


(iv)    The effect of European penetration to West Africa was: A. Introduction of iron industry.

  1. Introduction of iron industry.
  2. Distortion of the Trans-Saharan Trade 
  3. Development of Western Sudan states
  4. Abolition of Triangular trade 


(v)      The abolition of slave trade in the 19th century was followed by:

  1. The Berlin Conference of 1884 - 1885
  2. The development of legitimate trade
  3. The formation of UNO
  4. The great depression of 1923 - 1929


(vi)    The following is one of the methods used in obtaining gold in African societies:

  1. Shaft method
  2. Pottery 
  3. Ornaments 
  4. Titration 


(vii)  Gao was a trading centre which developed into a large empire known as:

  1. Songhai
  2. Asante 
  3. Mali 
  4. Ghana 


(viii)In South-Central Tanzania, the Hehe, Bena and Sangu people were ruled by:-

  1.      Kabaka
  2.      Mtwa
  3.      Mwani 
  4.      Omukama


(ix)    The Dutch settlement was established at the Cape in 1652 because:

  1. The Dutch were great racialists.
  2. The Dutch were welcomed by the Khoisan.
  3. They wanted to supply the foodstuffs for ships sailing to and from the East Indies.
  4. They wanted to initiate relationship with the British. 


(x)      The period marked by intense competition and warfare among

European states was known as:-

  1. Industrial capitalism
  2. The age of mercantilism
  3. Industrial revolution
  4. Iron Age


THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE

FORM TWO SECONDARY NATIONAL EXAMINATION, 2005

0012 HISTORY

TIME : 2 HOURS

SECTION A

1. For each of the following items choose the best answer from the given alternatives.

(i)A source of historical information which contains remains that show man's physical development activities and tools he used is:

  1. Museum
  2. Oral tradition
  3. Archives
  4. Historical sites


(ii)One of the following East African coastal city states was located in present day Mozambique, hence directly received gold from Mwenemutapa in the 15 th century.

  1. Lamu 
  2. Kilwa
  3. Sofala
  4. Zimbabwe


(iii)The following historical event involved the continents of Africa, America and Europe between 15th and 19th centuries.

  1. Trans Saharan
  2. The Boer Trek
  3. Triangular slave trade
  4. East African long distance trade


(iv)The effect of European penetration to West Africa was: 

  1. Introduction of iron industry.
  2. Distortion of the Trans-Saharan Trade
  3. Development of Western Sudan states
  4. Abolition of Triangular trade


(v)The abolition of slave trade in the 19th century was followed by:

  1. The Berlin Conference of 1884 - 1885
  2. The development of legitimate trade
  3. The formation of UNO
  4. The great depression of 1923 - 1929


(vi)The following is one of the methods used in obtaining gold in African societies:

  1. Shaft method
  2. Pottery
  3. Ornaments 
  4. Titration


(vii) Gao was a trading centre which developed into a large empire known as:

  1. Songhai
  2. Asante
  3. Mali
  4. Ghana


(viii)In South-Central Tanzania, the Hehe, Bena and Sangu people were ruled by:-

  1. Kabaka
  2. Mtwa
  3. Mwani
  4. Omukama


(ix) The Dutch settlement was established at the Cape in 1652 because:

  1. The Dutch were great racialists.
  2. The Dutch were welcomed by the Khoisan.
  3. They wanted to supply the foodstuffs for ships sailing to and from the East Indies.
  4. They wanted to initiate relationship with the British.


(x) The period marked by intense competition and warfare among European states was known as:-

  1. Industrial capitalism
  2. The age of mercantilism
  3. Industrial revolution
  4. Iron Age


FORM TWO HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2004

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE

FORM TWO SECONDARY NATIONAL EXAMINATION, 2004

0012 HISTORY

TIME : 2 HOURS

SECTION A

1. Each of the following statements has several answers. Choose the most suitable answer in each case.

(i)The process of handing down the historical knowledge using a word of mouth from one generation to another is called:

  1. Oral tradition
  2. Historical information
  3. Linguistics
  4. Anthropology


(ii)Which ofthe following is a modern scientific method of fixing dates?

  1. Z Before Christ (BC) Method
  2. A microscope Method
  3. Anno Domino (AD) Method 
  4. Carbon 14 Method


(iii)Local trade among African societies became possible when:

  1. iron tools increased.
  2. people could produce more than their needs. 
  3. people produced less than their needs,
  4. one society became more powerful than others


(iv)The following describe the major forms of feudal relations in the interlacustrine region:

  1. Nyarubanja, Busulu and Ubugabire 
  2. Ubugabire, Serfdom and Busulu system 
  3. Slavery, Umwinyi and Communalism 
  4. Ntemiship, Serfdom and Nyarubanja


(v)The following is the exarnple of European explorers who provided very important information about the people and wealth of East and Central Africa to the British capitalists:-

  1. Lacede de Almeide
  2. David Livingstone
  3. Henry Morton Stanley and Mungo Park
  4. Richard Lander


(vi)Trade. across the Sahara desert was one of the main causes for:

  1. The fall of Songhai Empire
  2. Spread of the Jihads
  3. The rise of Ghana Empire 
  4. The rise of Oyo Kingdom


(vii)Which of the following is correct about Mwenemutapa Kingdom?

  1. Copper production
  2. Architectural skills
  3. The famous forest state during the 16th century 
  4. Good participation in Trans Saharan Trade


(viii)Before the 15th century, Africa was called a "Dark continent" because:

  1. It was not known to European capitalists
  2. Its people were black
  3. There were all demanded raw materials
  4. It had no development


(ix)The following are functions of a Moran, except:

  1. To protect the whole society
  2. To travel in search of water and grass
  3. To defend and expand the protectorate
  4. To control religion and solve land conflicts


(x)One of the roles played by European Missionaries in the colonization of East Africa was:

  1. Introduction of colonial administration in various parts of East Africa
  2. Exploring East Africa in order to find the existing wealth
  3. Fighting Africans and putting them under colonial domination
  4. To influence Africans to be colonized


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